Chemists study the structures and other properties of substances.
The studies of chemists result in the development of new products, materials, and processes such as:
- Food safety
- Pollution control
- Ceramics and superconductors
Chemists use complex lab instruments and computers to compile and analyze the results of their research. They often consult with other scientists about research and test results. They also direct and advise other staff in test procedures. In addition, chemists write technical reports or papers.
There are several types of chemists:
Analytical chemists study various elements or compounds to learn about their structure and what they are made of. They study how compounds interact with each other.
Inorganic chemists study the structure, properties, and reactions of molecules that do not contain carbon, such as metals. They work to understand the behavior and the characteristics of inorganic substances.
Medicinal chemists research and develop chemical compounds that can be used as pharmaceutical drugs. They work on teams with other scientists and engineers to create and test new drug products.
Organic chemists study the structure, properties, and reactions of molecules that contain carbon. They also design and make new organic substances that have unique properties and applications.
Physical chemists study the fundamental characteristics of how matter behaves on a molecular and atomic level and how chemical reactions occur. They may develop new theories, such as how complex structures are formed.