Farmers and Farm Managers

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources > Farmers and Farm Managers > Working Conditions
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Farmers and Farm Managers

Farmers and Farm Managers - Working Conditions

In a typical work setting, farmers and farm managers:

Interpersonal Relationships

  • Usually have a low level of contact with others. However, farm managers may have more contact since they meet with farmers and staff.
  • Are responsible for the work of others.
  • Are responsible for the health and safety of others.
  • Communicate with others by telephone, e-mail, and face-to-face discussions.

Physical Work Conditions

  • Usually spend time throughout the day in trucks, tractors, and similar vehicles and equipment.
  • Often work outdoors. May work indoors when doing recordkeeping.
  • Are often exposed to hot or cold temperatures, depending on the weather.
  • Occasionally are exposed to contaminants, such as pesticides.
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  • Sometimes are exposed to sounds and noise levels that are loud or distracting.
  • Sometimes are exposed to hazardous equipment.
  • Sometimes work in bright or dim lighting, depending on the time of day or work site.
  • Sometimes are exposed to hazardous situations. Those who work with livestock have a moderate chance of being bitten. The level of injury usually is low.
  • Often wear gloves, boots, and long-sleeve shirts.

Work Performance

  • Must fully complete and be exact in their work. This is to make sure that the farm is as productive as it can be. Missing small details can cause the farmer to lose money.
  • Repeat the same physical and mental activities.
  • Regularly make decisions that greatly impact farm operations. They usually don't consult others before deciding a course of action.
  • Rarely talk to others before deciding the days' tasks and priorities.
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  • Work in a stressful environment in which deadlines and production goals must be met.


  • May work every day, especially if caring for livestock.
  • Usually work long hours, especially during planting or harvesting times.
  • May not get away from work, unless they can hire someone to take over their duties.
  • May travel to conferences during winter months to learn new techniques.
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  • May work full time or part time.
Source: Illinois Career Information System (CIS) brought to you by Illinois Department of Employment Security.