To work as a postmaster or mail superintendent, you typically need to:
- have a high school diploma or equivalent;
- complete moderate-term, on-the-job training; and
- have one to five years of work experience in postal operations.
Education after high school
Although not required, many postmasters and mail superintendents have a college degree. Business, liberal arts, or social sciences are good majors for this occupation.
This is not an entry-level occupation. Many managers are promoted from within the postal service from lower-skilled jobs. To qualify for those jobs, you take a written exam. The exam measures your speed and accuracy at checking names and numbers. It also measures your ability to memorize procedures. You also must be 18 years old and a US citizen or have permanent resident-alien status in the United States.
Postal employees receive training in postal system laws and procedures. Managers get training in supervision and management methods. Training may last up to six months.
Some branches of the military train people to be administrative officers. This military occupation includes postmasters. You need a bachelor's degree to enter this military occupation. The length of training depends on your specialty. Additional training occurs on the job.