Most cities require that electricians have a license. This means passing an exam on electrical theory, national codes, and local codes.
In many electrical and power transmission programs, you can choose to specialize. You can focus on power transmission, installing systems in new construction, or maintenance and repair. You can also focus on electrical work in the manufacturing field. Electricians in this area work on motors, transformers, and generators. They may also work on machine tools and industrial robots.
Employers and unions prefer applicants who have done some work in the construction trades. For information about apprenticeships and other training opportunities, call or visit your local union office or apprenticeship agency. Other useful contacts are local electricians or the nearest employment service office.
Most programs require that students and apprentices purchase tools. In addition, some programs require you to buy your own safety equipment.
Some certificate and associate degree programs are designed for people who already have professional experience as an electrician.
Electricians need to have good color vision.
Many electricians are union members.
Some programs offer day or evening classes.